1. FII (Foreign Institutional Investor)
Foreign Institutional Investor used to denote an investor, mostly in the form of an institution. An institution established outside India, which proposes to invest in Indian market, in other words buying Indian stocks. FII's generally buy in large volumes which has an impact on the stock markets. Institutional Investors includes pension funds, mutual funds, Insurance Companies, Banks, etc.
11. FDI (Foreign Direct Investment)
FDI (Foreign Direct Investment) occurs with the purchase of the “physical assets or a significant amount of ownership (stock) of a company in another country in order to gain a measure of management control” (Or) A foreign company having a stake in an Indian Company.
12. IPO (Public Offering)
IPO is Initial Public Offering. This is the first offering of shares to the general public from a company wishes to list on the stock exchanges.